When Prince Wilhelm of Sweden visited Antigua Guatemala and Ciudad de Guatemala in 1920, there were still large amounts of ruins left, and the reports from his journey describes thick clouds of whirling dust making people ill. Only one in every three houses was occupied; the others were just ruins. A large number of church buildings in southwestern Guatemala and eastern Chiapas, Mexico were severely damaged and quite a few of them were destroyed. It was subsequently prolonged to 25 July, 2013. It was decided that they would not rebuild the city. The maximum seismic intensity occurred in the Mixco area, in Gualán, and in some parts of Ciudad de Guatemala, where it reached IX on the Mercalli scale. This was a 7.4 Mw earthquake that occurred on 7 November at 16:35 UTC time. After the earthquake, the Guatemalan president declared a 30-day “state of calamity” for the most affected departments. These have undergone restoration work, and the cathedral has been partly rebuilt Distance: 3.7 mi. However, Antigua was destroyed by several earthquakes in 1773–1774 and the capital was moved again! The worst hit zone was the west-central highlands of Guatemala. Spanish authorities had already considered moving the capital to a safer area after the devastation of the 1717 earthquake and decided after the 1773 event not to rebuild the city again. This is the newer Antigua Guatemala Cathedral. A lot of Catholic religious staff in the city died. The city was reestablished a year later and endured for more than two centuries until disaster struck once again. The epicenter was at 15.32°N 89.10°W, which is in the northeastern part of the country. The main event on 19 April was preceded by three months of preshocks, and afterwards aftershocks occurred for over two weeks. All rights reserved. The Spanish Crown ordered (1776) the removal of the capital to a safer location, the Valley of the Shrine, where Guatemala City, the modern capital of Guatemala, now stands. The article was based on a report cabled out of Guatemala on New Year’s Eve 1917. The cathedral suffered serious damage again during the famous 1773 Guatemala earthquake, which began on July 29 and lasted through December. The Spanish authorities had discussed moving their colonial headquarter after the 1717 earthquake, and now these plans were revived because of the 1773 disaster. Antigua has suffered several earthquakes over the years, but the one that nearly wiped out the town completely was the 7.5 magnitude Santa Marta earthquake in 1773. 1773 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1773rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 773rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 73rd year of the 18th century, and the 4th year of the 1770s decade. Later earthquakes meant that after the 1773 earthquake the town had been moved three times. Visible rupturing occurred along more than 230 km of the Motagua fault. 11 June brought two strong foreshocks, and then the main event – an earthquake estimated to have had a magnitude of 7.5 Mi – occurred on 29 July, at 15:45 local time. This earthquake is sometimes referred to as the Santa Marta event, since it occurred on the feast day of this saint. In 1773, the Santa Marta earthquakes destroyed much of the town, which led to the third change in location for the city. On 12 January 1918, an article in the French magazine L’Illustration reported that about 2,000 people had been killed and roughly 200,000 people had become homeless in Ciudad de Guatemala. As the quake subsided, leaving approximately 600 people dead and buildings reduced to rubble, an unexpected sound arose—the sound of those who had survived the disaster, singing. The epicenter was at 13.987°N 91.965°W, which is in the Pacific Ocean, roughly 35 km south of Champerico, a port and beach town in the Retalhuleu department in southwestern Guatemala. Now, they found out that this was not the case and that a new major earthquake might come along at any moment. The distance to the capital was approximately 115 km. In Guatemala City, the cathedral collapsed, streets cracked open and water pipes ruptured. Guatemala has had: (M1.5 or greater) 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours 1 earthquake in the past 7 days; 8 earthquakes in the past 30 days; 136 earthquakes in the past 365 days Thanks! With each new shake, additional buildings collapsed. Antigua (then known as Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala) was at that time the colonial capital of Central America. Minor damage reported from Chiapas, Mexico. These two are major tectonic processes and they have produced secondary fault zones such as the faults of Mixco, Santa Catarina, and Japatagua. 1773年グアテマラ地震(英語: 1773 Guatemala earthquake )は1773年 7月29日午後3時45分(現地時間)、 グアテマラ総督領 (英語版) を襲った地震 。 震央におけるマグニチュードは7.5 。 5月より始まった一連の地震であり、6月11日に強い前震が2度おき、7月の本震の後に余震が12月まで続いた 。 The magnitude of this earthquake was 7.5 Mw, the depth approximately 25 km and the maximal intensity VIII (severe) on the Mercalli scale. Rather than just one main event, this was a sequence of earthquakes that occurred from 17 November 1917 through 24 January 1918. Founded in 1527, Antigua Guatemala survived many natural disasters until an earthquake destroyed most of the city in 1773, according to UNESCO. A lot of the supplies were sold to Honduras for a good profit. This earthquake is sometimes referred to as the Santa Marta event, since it occurred on the feast day of this saint. This new capital was founded on … The original church was built around 1541, but suffered several earthquakes throughout its history, and the first church building was demolished in 1669. Some buildings were not damaged by the shake itself, but by the debris that came crashing down from structures collapsing nearby. The epicenter was at 15.5°N 91.5°W in northwestern Guatemala. In some areas with high seismic intensity, the soil liquefied and sand boils could be seen. Approximately eight thousand bodies were shaken from their graves, and many of them were fresh enough to pose a medical threat. It’s sort of Antigua Guatemala’s time capsule. Many of them had been weakened by previous shakes before they finally went down, with the walls collapsing and the roof falling in. After the Santa Marta Earthquakes of 1773 that destroyed Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala, there was a large argument between Spanish and clerical authorities on whether to move the city to a new location . Hundreds of people were buried in debris, and an estimated 80,000 people became homeless. Instead, in 1776, a new capital was founded in Valle de la Ermita. © 2020 AntiguaDailyPhoto.Com »» Developed by Rudy Giron ««. 11 June brought two strong foreshocks, and then the main event – an earthquake estimated to have had a magnitude of 7.5 Mi – occurred on 29 July, at 15:45 local time. President Kjell Eugenio Laugerud García invited foreign ambassadors to tour the most heavily affected regions by helicopter, which in turn helped secure aid from numerous countries – including the United States, Canada and Belgium. The estimated magnitude was within the span 7.50-7.75 Mw and the maximum intensity in the epcientrical area was IX (violent) on the Mercalli scale. The series of all these earthquakes is also referred to as the Santa Marta earthquakes as it had started on the feast day of Saint Martha. Contemporary sources describe that as soon as the earthquake started, the sky cleared up, and no more rain fell for approximately three weeks. The Guatemala City General Cemetery was completely destroyed in never fully restored. In 1773, the Santa Marta earthquakes destroyed much of Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala, which led to the third change in location for the capital city. The number of casualties has been stated as anywhere from 800 to 2,000. After the Santa Marta earthquakes in 1773 and against strong opposition from the archbishop and the regular clergy, the capital was moved from Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala to a new location, known as Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción. Main entrance to the church property. The capital was moved definitively to Guatemala City, but the inhabitants who survived rebuilt the city and began to refer to it as Antigua Guatemala. The maximal intensity was never more than VI (strong) on the Mercalli scale. A:Antigua Guatemala An earthquake destroyed the city of __ in 1773. La Merced is one of the prettiest churches in the city, boasting intricate stucco … To prevent outbreaks of disease, city authorities burned the unearthed bodies in a massive bonfire. Approximately 500-600 deaths occurred right away, and later at least 600 people died from starvation and disease in the aftermath of the quake. With an intensity of approximately 7.5 the Santa Marta earthquakes destroyed much of Antigua Guatemala, at that time the colonial capital of Central America. Is there anything left from before the earthquake in Antigua? While earthquake was strong enough to be felt in neighboring El Salvador and parts of Mexico, it did not cause any damage there. In May 1773, a sequence of foreshocks started, a sequence that would lead up to a major event in late July. With 39 confirmed deaths, this was the deadliest earthquake in Guatemala since 1976. Thus in 1776 the capital was moved to the new city of Guatemala of Asuncion, known today as today Guatemala City. Que celebracion de la Antigua Guatemala es la mas importante del hemisferio para muchas personas? La Merced Church. As its name implies (Antigua means old in Spanish), this is a historic city. The 1917 Guatemala earthquake was a sequence of tremors that lasted from 17 November 1917 through 24 January 1918. As a comparison, the 7.9 Mw strong but 60 km deep earthquake of 1942 caused much less damage. Before the colonial authorities moved their headquarters in 1776, Antigua Guatemala had a population of roughly 60,000 people. With all this in mind, it comes as no surprise that Guatemala is prone to earthquakes – big and small. The continued shakes created many gruesome scenes. The epicenter was 14°N 91°W, near Guatemala’s Pacific coast. About 500 – 600 people died immediately and at least another 600 died from starvation and disease as a result of the earthquake. The city is also near several volcanoes, the most active of which is Pacaya Pacaya, One of the individual shakes that we know the most about was the one that occurred on Christmas Day. It was followed by numerous aftershocks which lasted until December 1773. Locally in Guatemala, this was at 17:37 in the evening of 6 August. President Manuel Estrada Cabrera’s brazen embezzlement of aid and his general failure to properly lead the relief and recovery efforts largely contributed to the end of his reign. In Tecpán Guatemala, over 60% of the buildings became unhabitable. With 23,000 reported fatalities and well over 75,000 injuries, this was one of the most catastrophic Central American earthquakes of the 20th century. Show us some love and support our work during this critical time with a small donation. In 1776, after the Santa Marta earthquakes, the Spanish Crown finally ordered the capital to be moved to a safer location, in the Valle de la Ermita (Valley of the Shrine), where Guatemala City, the modern capital of Guatemala, now stands. 1773-07-29 1773 Guatemala earthquake: Antigua Guatemala: 7.5 M w: VII–VIII 500–600 … Following this disaster, the capital was moved to its current site at Guatemala City, but the ruins (and some of the people) of Antigua stayed put. In May 1773, a sequence of foreshocks started, a sequence that would lead up to a major event in late July. Along Guatemala’s Pacific coastline, we have the Cocos plating pushing against the Caribbean plate, forming the Middle American Trench subduction zone approximately 50 km from the shore. (At this point in history, the city had a population of roughly 885,000.). (October 2007) Category The Spanish colonial authorities discussed moving the administrative headquarters somewhere else to avoid being caught up in a new earthquake, but nothing came of it – this time. New strong earthquakes occurred on 25 December, 29 December, 3 January, and 24 of January. The Santa Marta earthquake caused widespread destruction in the colonial capital, the city we today know as Antigua Guatemala. Some shakes were described as sideways shakes, while others moved the ground up and down. This earthquake occurred on 22 July, at 09:30 local time (15:30 UTC). They gradually increased in intensity until they almost completely destroyed Guatemala City and severely damaged the ruins in Antigua Guatemala that had survived the 1773 Guatemala earthquakes. The 1902 Guatemala earthquake occurred on 19 April at 02:23 UTC time, but in Guatemala it was still the evening of 18 April and clock was 20:23. Throughout the 20th century, many urban planners had assumed that this region of Guatemala was relatively safe from seismological activity and that major earthquakes did not happen here. The closest town was Las Amates in the Izabal department. Below, you will find a few examples of notable Guatemalan earthquakes. A small number of houses were destroyed, and some additional ones damaged, along the southern coast. It was the former capital of Guatemala until an earthquake destroyed it in 1773. Behind it … The 1976 Guatemala Earthquake occurred on 4 February at 03:01 local time, when most people were at home sleeping. It has remained in Guatemala City ever since. In addition to the destruction caused by the shakings themselves, very destructive landslides were triggered which created additional damage. It was once the third largest Spanish colony in the Americas and more than 30 monastic orders built their impressive monasteries, convents, and cathedrals in the city. These quakes were strong enough to be felt in many different parts of the country, and they destroyed buildings in places such as Antigua Guatemala (the old capital city) and Ciudad de Guatemala (the current capital city). The King of Spain authorized moving the capital to its current location in the Ermita Valley, which is named after a Catholic church dedicated to the Virgen del Carmen. There are many churches and monasteries of colonial architecture that survived the earthquake. Have you visited the ruins of La Recolección? Locally in Guatemala, it was 10:35 in the forenoon. Official data from 11 November, a few days after the earthquake, lists 9,414 damaged houses and 18,755 evacuated individuals. ... on the streets. Antigua Guatemala Earthquakes Throughout its history the city now known as Antigua Guatemala was repeatedly damaged by earthquakes, and always rebuilted, bigger and better. An earthquake destroyed Guatemala City in 1917–18, but it was rebuilt on the same site. Combined, these two factors made it a highly destructive force. (6.0 km) The fact that this earthquake had occurred was largely forgotten, only to be rediscovered again from old documents in the 1990s. Damage to buildings occurred in various part of the country, including the capital Ciudad de Guatemala and the second-largest city Quetzaltenango (Xelajú), as well as communities the departments San Marcos, Sololá, Quiché, Totonicapán, and Huehuetenango. © 2010 – 2020, Rudy Giron. Las ruinas de La Recolección still stand as they were left after the earthquake of July 29, 1773, thus the ruins served as testimony and document of the powerful forces the quakes of Santa Marta. The intensity is believed to have been VII (very strong) or VIII (severe) on the Mercalli scale. He had been the president of Guatemala since 1898, and was overthrown on 14 April 1920. This earthquake took place on 29 September local time and caused widespread destruction in the colonial capital of Central America, the city we today know as Antigua Guatemala (old Guatemala). The epicenter was located at 13.55°N 90.62°E, which was in the Pacific Ocean, south of Puerto Quetzal. ... when the earthquake occurred in 1773. Prince Wilhelm urged the world to send money and goods to Guatemala, and soon ships carrying donations began to arrive to Puerto Barrios.
2020 guatemala earthquake 1773